Anyone who owns a camera knows that the rule of equivalent exposure in photography is one that you should always follow. If there are too many bright areas or dark areas in your photo, then you will need to adjust the exposure accordingly. This article will go over what this means and how to use it properly in order to get pictures with better lighting and less noise.
The Rule of Equivalent Exposure: A Definition
This rule of photography states that if two areas have different brightness but need to be recorded on the same part of a picture with their levels adjusted equally so they both appear correctly lit under good lighting conditions, then adjusting either up or down by one stop will compensate for this difference. If an area is too dark it needs to go up one stop and vice versa for too bright parts in order to make sure you do not lose detail within each section when trying to photograph them together.
How Cameras Record Images
In order to understand the rule of equivalent exposure, you must know how a camera records images in general. The rule works by taking into consideration that each pixel on the sensor only has the ability to hold so much light before it becomes over exposed and ends up being all white or completely black depending on whether there is more light coming from behind your subject or in front.
If this happens then no detail will be visible when editing your image because nothing can be recovered once an area is pure white or black. This means that if half of your photo is extremely bright while the other half is dark enough for noise (grain) to show through and ruin any chance at recovering details, then whatever part has too many pixels filled with information regarding brightness should have their exposure adjusted.
This rule is important when photographing both people and objects in order to get a picture that will look the best with good lighting and less grain, especially if you want your images printed or enlarged later on. For example, most DSLR sensors have an equivalent ISO of around 400-800 but this does not mean they can handle these speeds without problems since they are very sensitive already at 100. This is why it’s always better for cameras to be set at 200 or even lower because anything more than that starts receiving too many bits per pixel from light which results in over-exposure issues like what was described above.
What Are Stops In Photography?
When it comes to adjusting your exposure, stops are a very important concept to understand. Each stop represents an increase or decrease in the amount of light being let into your camera and each one is half as much change from the last so going up by one stop will double the time needed for a proper exposure while going down by one will cut that same time in half which means you can choose how long you want any given area exposed before moving on to another part once again.
What Is Aperture?
Aperture is the size of your lens opening, which lets light into the camera to be recorded on the sensor. The rule of equivalent exposure states that if you want two areas with different brightness in a picture to end up at an equal and correct amount of light (both over or under exposed equally) then they both need to require the same number of stops from each other despite their difference in lighting conditions. This means that although aperture is not considered when adjusting your overall exposure time, it does come into play when working within specific parts such as trying to make sure dark shadows fall one stop below bright highlights while keeping detail visible in both simultaneously.
What Is Shutter Speed?
Just like aperture, shutter speed is not affected by the rule of equivalent exposure because it’s only considered when adjusting your overall time for a proper exposure. Since both this and aperture are measured in stops though, you can use one to compensate for another so long as they do not exceed their limits which will be covered more thoroughly below.
What Is ISO?
ISO directly affects the amount of light needed to reach the sensor and as mentioned above, most modern DSLRs can handle around 400-800 ISO without problems. As such, any time you want a proper exposure for an image that’s half or one stop brighter than what your camera is capable of handling then it needs only require double the shutter speed (one more stop) while keeping aperture at its base level in order to adjust accordingly.
The rule of equivalent exposures states that if two areas are different by one stop each but need to be recorded on the same part of your picture with their brightnesses adjusted equally so they both appear correctly lit under good lighting conditions overall, then adjusting either up or down by one full stop will compensate for this difference. If one area of a picture is too bright then it needs to be adjusted by going down one stop while the other part that’s too dark must have its exposure raised by a single stop.
Using The Rule Of Equivalent Exposure
The rule of equivalent exposures can help improve your overall exposure time depending on how much lighter or darker any given area may end up needing which makes it very useful because even if your camera cannot handle what you want right away you can adjust the rule to make it work rather than having to go back and reshoot everything.
How To Apply The Rule Of Equivalent Exposure
If one area of a picture is too bright then decrease shutter speed by one stop while increasing aperture one stop as well for an equivalent level of brightness on both sides once again.
If one part needs more light due to being too dark, increase ISO instead so long as your camera has no problem handling this higher number before recording new images or video footage. After adjusting either up or down by these respective full stops however, neither should be adjusted any further because doing so will require additional compensation which means going through all three elements again each time if necessary until getting things just right.